The Township of Plummer Additional lies within the Canadian Shield. This explains the hilly terrain and ridges found within the area. Furthermore, this area is characterized by several environmental and natural features.
The geological features of the Township of Plummer Additional and the Town of Bruce Mines differ in composition. In an analysis conducted by the Ministry of Natural Resources, the Township’s predominate geological trait is the glaciolacustrine land form which covers a substantial portion of the south and central parts of the Township and the south and west sides of Rock Lake. This land form consists of sand and silt deposits. There is also a glacial fluvial deposit which has potential for sand and gravel resources located along the eastern border of the township and north and south of Rose Lake.
According to the Ministry of Natural Resources’ Geological Guidebook No. 4 Ontario Division of Mines, Bruce Mines’ geological structure is composed of pink ferruginous quartzite and siltstone, course grained green arkose, pink hermatitic arkose with radioactivity, interbedded pink, buff and greenish quartzite, quartz-jasper-chert pebble bands, and white quartzite. In a sequential pattern, these deposits descend 3,000 to 4,000 feet.
The soil composition for this area is characterized by its location within the Precambrian Shield of the Canadian Shield. The soil deposits are on average less than two feet deep. Quite often this exposes the underlying bedrock. The level sites of the area furnish wet sands, silts, and clays. Wet organic soils are found in the depressions of the area.
Hydrology refers to the drainage pattern of an area. In this case, according to the Canada Land Inventory Land Capability for Wildlife-Waterfowl, Bruce Mines and Plummer Additional watersheds are part of an integrate drainage pattern which drain into Lake Huron.
*For more information please contact Carolyn Hart at Tri- Neighbours Waste Management.
The Area’s Forests, Species, and Wildlife
The Town of Bruce Mines and the Township of Plummer Additional are found within the Blind River District of the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence forest region of Ontario. In this study area, the forest stands largely consist of a mixture of hardwood and softwood tree species, with a hint of a boreal influence. Some of the tree species found within this study area are hard maple, white pine, poplar, white birch, yellow birch and pine. The forest presents plenty of opportunity. It may be used for recreational activities, or wildlife management.
This area also boasts several types of shrubs and wildlife which may be found on the mossy floors of the bush, in the open fields, or within the town limits. In the poorly drained areas, shrubs such as speckled alder, willow, sweet gale, and Labrador tea may be spotted. In the well drained areas, hazel, mountain maple, dogwood, wild roses, and mountain ash often appear. For those people who live near, or travel through areas of marshy bays, ponds, and bogs, one will often see cattails, bulrushes, wild rice, water lilies, yellow pond lilies, or bur-reeds.
The marshes, inlets, inland lakes, and the shoreline of Lake Huron, provide the habitat for several migratory species. Common migratory species for this area include the Black Duck, Mallard, and Ringed-Necked Duck. The main nesting species for this area consist of the Black Duck, Ring-Necked Duck, Hooded Merganser, and American Merganser. The breeding species which frequent the fertile wetland near the North Channel usually include the Green-Winged Teal, Blue-Winged Teal, Wood Duck, and Mallard. Aside from the aforementioned, other species such as Sand Hill Cranes, Canadian Geese, and Loons often are spotted in the vicinity.